The purpose of this report is to provide a greater understanding, based on the best available peerreviewed science, about how weather patterns have changed in the past and how they are expected to change in the future. In doing so, the report aims to
provide decision makers with the information they need to better adapt public and private infrastructure to the realities of the changing climate, while allowing home and business insurers to plan for future claims scenarios.
~Preparedness is an important investment against natural and man-made disasters. It buys the humanitarian community valuable time to respond more effectively and gives vulnerable people a buffer against the repeated crises which strip away their resilience and push them deeper into poverty. The UN agencies and their NGO and government partners can save lives, crops, property and achievements in education and healthcare by using preparedness thinking to be aware of risks, to reduce them and to plan ahead to combat them. It
Municipal governments play a central role in Canadian emergency management. Although the federal and provincial governments actively engage in emergency planning, most specific, operational measures to address emergencies and their impacts must be implemented locally. Moreover, local officials are the first responders to emergencies, and are supported by higher-level governments when community response capacity is exceeded (Scanlon, 1995).
This article presents the changes in the concept of preparedness in the context of emergency measures and describes the new needs that have appeared in recent years. Preparedness should no longer be seen as just the capacity to respond to an event but
as anticipating the different possible ways of addressing the event with a resilient perspective. First, several definitions of preparedness will be presented, followed by a discussion of the two different approaches to emergency preparedness that were